Computer-aided design (CAD) programs are used by architects, engineers, graphic artists, and many others to create anything from artwork to fashion design patterns to technical blueprints and maps to genetic modeling. It is most often used to create images in two and three dimensions. Students of CAD can expect to gain experience in a wide array of computer programs and applications related to their own specialized field of interest. CAD’s many applications have made it an integral part of a great many industries, particularly technical and precision-oriented fields of work, such as drafting and engineering – its widespread use makes skilled graduates very marketable.
Drafting refers to the creation of technical drawings to be used as visual guidelines leading to an object’s production, also including details such as dimensions, materials and process. Traditionally, this work has been done by hand on drawing boards using precision tools for exact measurements, but today, most drafting is done through computer-aided design (CAD). It is used in many fields of specialty, including (but not at all limited to) medicine, architecture, fashion, sports, and manufacturing.